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Artificial intelligence has been a topic of interest for many people. However, the negative effects of artificial intelligence is something that should be taken into consideration as well.
NEWS IN TECH – Artificial intelligences are capable of reasoning. They can store and analyze massive quantities of data in a flash, translate languages in real time, and even operate other computers. They, on the other hand, have no emotional intelligence. Yet.
This is something that an Egyptian-American computer scientist wants to alter. Rana el Kaliouby, a 43-year-old Egyptian-American computer scientist who established his business Affectiva while a PhD student at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, was featured in a CNN compilation as the lady who might deliver the transformation the world has been waiting for (MIT).
After that, he focused on “Emotion AI,” or “artificial intelligence for emotions,” with the goal of training machines to recognize and quantify human emotions. “Technology has caused a ’empathy problem,’” he says, but he wants to fix it.
What are your thoughts, KITT?
The automobile sector, according to Kaliouby, is one area of our lives where emotion-aware AI may be a lifesaver. The driver monitoring system employs artificial intelligence-powered cameras in automobiles to identify whether a driver is fatigued or distracted, thus avoiding collisions.
According to the European Commission, 90% of road accidents are caused by the driver, which is one of the reasons why new EU law mandates that European vehicles be equipped with this technology by 2022. Meanwhile, in the United States, a similar legislation is being proposed. Some Tesla and General Motors vehicles already have driver monitoring systems, and Affectiva is in discussions with BMW, Porsche, and Hyundai.
There are, however, options suited to different vehicles, such as cameras that provide a view of the whole passenger compartment, according to Kaliouby. If a baby falls asleep in the rear seat, for example, the app can turn down the lights, turn off the music, and change the temperature as needed. According to the entrepreneur, each vehicle may be customized to the requirements of its occupants and what makes them feel at ease.
Concerns about the law
The idea that emotion-recognition AI might be used to watch individuals is still a source of controversy, which is delaying its adoption. According to the CNN report, racial and gender discrimination, as well as privacy concerns, are common.
The author recalls an instance earlier this year in Brazil, in which the metro operator ViaQuatro was fined 100,000 Brazilian reais (almost $20,000) for employing face recognition technology and collecting data without passengers’ consent. In the Sao Paulo metro, ViaQuatro deployed emotion recognition cameras to track people’s responses to various ads. The firm has denied using face recognition and believes that data privacy laws were not broken.
It will be difficult to eliminate the negative effects of AI for sentiment recognition, according to Vidushi Marda, an AI researcher, consultant, and lawyer, because even if it is used with good intentions, it is still a concern that, for example, truck drivers or taxi drivers are being monitored twice by driver monitoring systems. Regardless of its intended purpose, he claims the technology “allows monitoring.”
Many academics doubt whether artificial intelligence can read emotions at all, and there is currently no agreement in the business on the issue. For example, a meta-analysis of over a thousand research published in 2019 found insufficient evidence to support the idea of “universal facial expressions,” while another study published a year later showed that AI’s emotion detection accuracy is below that of humans.
Affectiva, according to Kaliouby, has rigorous data collecting rules and has made all information regarding the usage and storage of data fully clear. Those who want to use the program for spying, surveillance, or lie detectors, he refuses.
With eleven million facial expressions from ninety countries around the world, Affectiva, according to Kaliouby, aims to create a diverse database that eliminates age, gender, and race distinctions while also including facial expressions and voice tone and taking into account cultural and contextual factors. In the future, the entrepreneur believes that technology will aid in the creation of a more human and sympathetic digital experience.
Kaliouby is on a quest to alter the human-machine connection, which she thinks will help us better connect in the digital world and enhance our relationship with technology.
CNN is the source of this information.
Artificial Intelligence is a term that is thrown around often, but what does it actually mean? Well, the US researcher who has been teaching machines to feel gives us some insights. Reference: 5 applications of artificial intelligence.
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